Most students are not aware of the extent of the engineering effort directed toward safety until they work in the industry, either as a co-op or when the accept post-graduation employment. In the chemical process industry (CPI), the mentality that “All Accidents Are Preventable” is the norm. In the CPI, following safe work practices and procedures is not an option, it is a condition of employment. The same holds true for performing research in the NMSU CHME laboratories.
Chemical process safety is only achieved when a culture is established in which everyone considers working safely as a priority of their job. To better understand what is meant by a “safety culture,” I invite you to read PE Magazine, November 2012 What Causes Safety System Failures. Here it is stated that the primary indicator of the health of a program’s safety culture is determined by how a person behaves when nobody is looking. As a CHME researcher, you are expected to be a leader that sets the performance standard on the NMSU campus.
The Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering must maintain a world-class safety culture appropriate to the industry.
The following resources are provided to help build this culture.
Required Safety Training
Laboratory researchers MUST complete the following training courses BEFORE working in the CHME laboratories. The first is a course in Canvas (request access from your research advisor), the others are offered by NMSU EHS&RM.
- CHME Laboratory Safety Training (Canvas)
- CHME Quartzy Chemical Inventory/Order Training (Canvas)
- Employee Safety (29 CFR 1910 subpart E)
- Hazard Communication (HazCom) (29 CFR 1910.1200)
- Laboratory Standard (29 CFR 1910.1450)
- Hazardous Waste Management (offered monthly) –
Understand the consequences to your research project budget for not applying what you learn in this class
Note that two of the courses are only offered once a month, and the first two are prereqs for the latter. Therefore, planning is essential (which you will find is a common theme to a strong safety program). You can check your training records online at Training Central. Non-NMSU personnel can also request access to training at Training Central by looking for “Not an NMSU employee?” then selecting “Sign up here” and answering the questions that follow.
It is also highly recommend that you watch the video “Experimenting with Danger” by the U.S. Chemical Safety Board, which analyzes a number of fatal incidents in chemical laboratories on college campuses.
Experimental Safety Plan (ESP)
An Experimental Safety Plan must be developed and approved before procurement of chemicals and supplies and before any lab work begins.
The plan must be submitted on the most recent revision of the CHME Experimental Safety Plan (ESP) template. ESPs should be reviewed and approved by the CHME Department Head and Chemical Hygiene Officer (as well as any College of Engineering and/or Environmental Health and Safety personnel as deemed necessary).
Training on the ESP contents is included in the CHME Laboratory Safety Training (Canvas).
Minimum required personal protective equipment (PPE)
The following PPE are required simply to enter the laboratory hallways:
- safety glasses;
- long pants (no shorts);
- long sleeves (or lab coat); and
- close-toed shoes (no sandals).
Working Alone Prohibited
- 29 CFR 1910.1450 App A Section E.1 of OSHA Laboratory Standard states, “Working alone in a laboratory is dangerous and should be strictly avoided. There have been many tragic accidents that illustrate this danger. Accidents are unexpected by definition, which is why coworkers should always be present. Workers should coordinate schedules to avoid working alone.”
- Any exemptions must be clearly articulated in the ESP.
Other Safety Resources
The following resources will also be needed for lab workers/researchers:
- Jett Hall Chemical Fume Hood Operation COE-SOP-0001.
- College of Engineering Chemical Hygiene Plan (and other valuable forms and documents)
- CHME Emergency Action Plan (2013).
- NMSU Guide for Lab Safety.
- Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Management of Chemical Hazards (THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS)
- Identifying and Evaluating Hazards in Research Laboratories: Guidelines developed by the Hazards Identification and Evaluation Task Force of the American Chemical Society’s Committee on Chemical Safety Copyright 2013
- The NMSU Chemical & Materials Engineering Sentinel for Safety program is designed to solicit input from all constituency of the program in considering the safety of those who work in the department. Sentinal for Safety forms may be submitted to the Department Head at any time, concerning any safety issue or concern.
CHME Safety Meeting
ALL graduate students, laboratory researchers, and faculty of the department will attend regular safety meetings to be held during a convenient time at the discretion of the Department Head. These meetings will be designed to increase awareness of safety, discuss issues of concern, and provide a forum for safety education and awareness. These sessions will be upbeat, educational, fulfilling, and will not feel like a waste of your time.
Attendance is required for all persons who have access to JH 289. Those who do not sign-in will be required to perform 90 minutes of Safety Service to CHME. If you miss a meeting, you should report to Juanita Miller within a week to receive an assignment. Ms. Miller will establish deadlines for task completion. Activities may include an auditing of a particular area of the lab, performing field chemical inventory verification and updating, or performing other such activities as driven by departmental needs.
Attendance sheets and completed safety service work will be maintained on the calendar post for each safety meetings. Any researcher not fulfilling these safety requirements will have their lab access privileges revoked until a time when the researcher has fulfilled outstanding obligations.