CHME 486/586. Biofuels

1. Course number and name

CHME 486. Biofuels 

2. Credits and contact hours

3 credit hours = 45 contact hours per semester

3. Instructor’s or course coordinator’s name

 Dr. Umakanta Jena

4. Text book, title, author, and year

a. other supplemental materials

  • Yebo Li and Samir Kumar Khanal, Bioenergy: Principles and Applications. Willey Blackwell, ISBN: 10-987-65-4321 (2016) (Recommended)
  • Sunggyu Lee and Y.T. Shah, Biofuels and Bioenergy Processes and Technologies. CRC Press (2013) (Recommended)
  • Sergio C. Capareda, Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions, CRC Press, ISBN: 978-1-4665-1333-4 (2013) (Optional)
  • Ayhan Demirbas, Biorefineries, Springer, ISBN 978-1-84882-721-9 (2010) (Optional)
  • Caye Drapcho, John Nghiem and Terry Walker, “Biofuels Engineering Process Technology”, McGraw Hill, ISBN13: 978-0071487498 (2008) (Optional)

5. Specific course information

a. catalog description: Introduction to the fundamentals and applications of biofuels and bioenergy produced from biomass; renewable feedstocks, their production, availability and attributes for biofuel/bioenergy production; types of biomass-derived fuels and energy; thermochemical conversion of biomass to heat, power, and fuel; biochemical conversion of biomass to fuel; environmental impacts of biofuel production; economics and life- cycle analysis of biofuel; value-added processing of biofuel residues; term paper of selected topics relevant to biofuels. 

b. prerequisites: CHME 201 co-requisites: none

c. required, elective, or selected elective (as per Table 5-1): elective

6. Specific goals for the course

a. The student will…

  • understand basic concepts about biomass derived energy;
  • identify potential biomass feedstocks including energy crops;
  • understand the concept of 1st generation, 2nd generation and advance biofuels;
  • understand terminologies related to biomass conversion and biofuel production;
  • have an understanding of the existing and emerging biomass to energy 
  • understand and apply mass and energy balances in biomass conversion;
  • apply engineering thermodynamics, organic chemistry, chemistry of plant materials;
  • familiarize with characterization of biomass feedstocks;
  • understand the unit processes/ unit operations involved in biofuel/bioenergy 
  • be able to do the basic engineering calculations related to biofuel production;
  • understand the concept of a biorefinery system and be able to develop major unit 
operations of an integrated biorefinery;
  • describe techno-economic analyses of biofuel conversion technologies;
  • have an understanding of environmental implications; and
  • apply biomass-derived energy in different applications.

b. Criterion 3 Student Outcomes specifically addressed by this course are found in a mapping of outcomes against all CHME courses in the curriculum.  

7. Brief list of topics to be covered

  • Fossil Energy Use and Implications
  • Introduction to Renewable Energy
  • Fundamentals Concepts: Energy Balances and Engineering Thermodynamics
  • Biomass Chemistry: Plant Structure and chemistry of plant materials
  • Types of Biomass and Available Sources
  • Biomass Composition and Characterization
  • Biorenewable Resources
  • Biochemical Processing of Carbohydrate-Rich Biomass
  • Pre-Processing and pretreatment
  • Thermochemical Processing of biomass
  • Processing of Oleaginous Feedstocks
  • Processing of biomass into Natural Fibers
  • Bio-based Refinery System
  • Environmental Impacts of Bioeconomy
  • Environmental Impact – Life Cycle Analysis Biofuel Economics, policies and future R&D Biofuel Economics, policies and future R&D

Common Syllabus Addendum

The NMSU Department of Chemical Engineering maintains a syllabus addendum containing course requirements common to all courses with the CH E prefix online.  This document is accessible from the URL: